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Selected Essays
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For Readers
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Resources and Further Readings


Compiled by Adam Jones and Sasha Johnston,
with input from individual contributors


“All My Inner Self Protested”
Raphael Lemkin



• Raphael Lemkin, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress, 2nd ed. (The Lawbook Exchange, 2008).With introductions by genocide scholars Samantha Power and William Schabas.

• John Cooper, Raphael Lemkin and the Struggle for the Genocide Convention (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)

• Facing History and Ourselves, Totally Unofficial: Raphael Lemkin and the Genocide Convention. See http://www.facinghistory.org/resources/publications/lemkin

• Samuel Totten and Steven Jacobs, eds., Pioneers in Genocide Studies (Transaction Publishers, 2002)

• Steven L. Jacobs, ed., Raphael Lemkin’s Thoughts on the Nazi Genocide: Not Guilty? (Edwin Mellen Press, 1992)

• Samantha Power, “A Problem from Hell”: America and the Age of Genocide (Basic Books, 2002). Chapters 2–5 deal with Lemkin’s life and thought.


• Robert Skloot, If the Whole Body Dies: Raphael Lemkin and the Treaty Against Genocide (Parallel Press, 2006)

• Catherine Filloux, Lemkin’s House (Playscripts, Inc., 2006)

Web Resources:

• Prevent Genocide International, “Key Writings of Raphael Lemkin on Genocide.” http://www.preventgenocide.org/lemkin

• John Docker, “Raphael Lemkin’s History of Genocide and Colonialism,” US Holocaust Memorial Museum, July 2004.



Lost Worlds
John M. Cox
Diego Rivera, “La Gran Tenochtitlán”


Books: Diego Rivera

• Luis Martin Lozano and Juan Coronel Rivera, Diego Rivera: The Complete Murals (Taschen, 2008)

• Patrick Marnham, Dreaming with His Eyes Open: A Life of Diego Rivera (University of California Press, 2000)

• Diego Rivera with Gladys March, My Art, My Life: An Autobiography (Dover Publications, 1992)

Books: Historical Background

• Frances F. Berdan, Aztecs of Central Mexico: An Imperial Society (Wadsworth, 2004)

• Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas before Columbus (Knopf, 2005)

• Hugh Thomas, Conquest: Cortes, Montezuma, and the Fall of Old Mexico (Simon & Schuster, 1995)


Frescoes of Diego Rivera, dir. Michael Camerini (VHS, Homevision 2000)

Web Resources:

• Diego Rivera Web Museum, Murals Page: http://diegorivera.com/murals/index.php

• Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diego_Rivera

• Diego Rivera Mural Project, City College of San Francisco: http://www.riveramural.com

• Diego Rivera Prints: http://www.diego-rivera.org

• The Cubist Paintings of Diego Rivera: Memory, Politics, Place, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC: http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2004/rivera/intro.shtm

• Palacio Nacional, Mexico City, photos and pictures by George And Audrey DeLange: http://www.delange.org/PresPalace/PresPalace.htm


The Wound at the Heart of the World
Christopher Powell
The Mission



The Mission, dir. Roland Joffé (DVD, Warner Home Video 2003, ASIN B00003CXBH; Blu-Ray, Warner, ASIN B00198X0WW)


• R.B. Cunninghame Graham, A Vanished Arcadia: Being Some Account of the Jesuits in Paraguay, 1607 to 1767 (ICON Group International, 2008)

• Richard Gott, Land Without Evil: Utopian Journeys Across the South American Watershed (Verso, 1993)

• C.J. McNaspy and Jose Maria Blanch, Lost Cities of Paraguay: Art and Architecture of the Jesuit Reductions, 1607–1767 (Loyola Press, 1982)

• Ronald Wright, Stolen Continents: 500 Years of Conquest and Resistance in the Americas (Mariner Books, 2005)


The Mission soundtrack by Ennio Morricone (CD, Virgin Records 1986)

Web Resources:

The Mission Internet Movie Database page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0091530

The Mission Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Mission (film)

The Mission Rotten Tomatoes page: http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1014027-mission

• An interview with Roland Joffé (2003): http://www.dvdmg.com/inter­viewrolandjoffe.html


“A Bargain Indeed”
Ward Churchill
Buffy Sainte-Marie, “My Country
’Tis of Thy People You’re Dying”



The Buffy Sainte-Marie Songbook (Grosset & Dunlap, 1971)

• Ward Churchill, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present (City Lights, 2001)


• “My Country ’Tis of Thy People You’re Dying,” by Buffy Sainte-Marie © Gypsy Music, 1966. From Little Wheel Spin and Spin (1966, CD Vanguard Records 1992, ASIN B000000EIS)


Buffy Sainte-Marie: A Multimedia Life, dir. Joan Prowse (2006, DVD CineFocus Canada). See http://cinefocus.com/public/television/buffy.htm


• Fiona Morrow, “Ever the Activist, Singer Can’t Put Politics Aside,” The Globe  and Mail, 31 October 2008

Web Resources:

• Buffy Sainte-Marie website: http://www.creative-native.com, http://www.buffysainte-marie.com

• Buffy Saint-Marie MySpace page, with free listenable songs from her latest CD, Running for the Drum: http://www.myspace.com/buffysaintemarie 

• Buffy Sainte-Marie Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffy_Sainte-Marie

• Lyrics for “My Country . . .”: www.fortunecity.com/tinpan/parton/2/mycount.html

• Adam Jones, “12 Great Songs about Genocide”: www.genocidetext.net/gaci_songs.htm

• A 1960s-era live performance of “My Country . . .”:


• Ward Churchill Solidarity Network website: www.wardchurchill.net


The Westering Holocaust
Benjamin Whitmer
Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian



• Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian: Or the Evening Redness in the West (Picador, 1994)

• Cormac McCarthy, The Border Trilogy (Picador, 2002)

• Barcley Owens, Cormac McCarthy’s Western Novels (University of Arizona Press, 2000)

• Shane Schimpf, ed., A Reader’s Guide to Blood Meridian (Bon Mot Publishing, 2008)


Blood Meridian (unabridged), narrated by Richard Poe (Recorded Books, 2007)

Web Resources:

Blood Meridian Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_Meridian

• Lecture on Blood Meridian by Amy Hungerford of Yale University:

Part 1: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FgyZ4ia25gg 

Part 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ZFmf4T5L3o

• Film adaptation planned for 2010: http://uk.imdb.de/name/nm0748784

• The New Canon (works of fiction since 1985):



My Grandfather’s Testimony
Sara Cohan



• Taner Akçam, A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility (Metropolitan Books, 2006)

• Peter Balakian, The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America’s Response (HarperCollins, 2003)

• Donald Bloxham, The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians (Cambridge University Press, 2005)

• Vahakn N. Dadrian, The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus (Berghahn Books, 1995)

• Donald E. Miller and Lorna Touryan Miller, Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide (University of California Press, 1999)


The Armenian Genocide (DVD, PBS 2006). See http://www.shoppbs.org/sm-pbs-armenian-genocide-dvd--pi-2283958.html

Screamers, dir. Carla Garapedian (DVD, Sony 2008)

Web Resources:

• Armenian genocide Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide

• Henry Morgenthau, Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story (memoirs of the US ambassador to Constantinople during the Armenian genocide):


• The Genocide Education Project, www.genocideeducation.org

• International Association of Genocide Scholars, www.genocidescholars.org


Werfel, Musa Dagh, and the Armenian Genocide
William Schabas
Franz Werfel, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh



• Franz Werfel, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh (DaCapo Press, 2002)

• William A. Schabas, Genocide in International Law, 2nd edition (Cambridge University Press, 2009)


The Forty Days of Musa Dagh (1982) (DVD, Parseghian Records, 2002)

Web Resources:

The Forty Days of Musa Dagh Wikipedia page:


Musa Dagh, http://www.mousaler.com/musa-dagh

• More on the events at Musa Dagh: http://www.armenian-genocide.org/musa_dagh.html

• Franz Werfel Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Werfel 

• Franz Werfel biography: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/fwerfel.htm 

• 1982 film adaptation: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0138989


“The Desire to Communicate Something of My Torment”
Nina Krieger
Armin T. Wegner, photographs and letters



• Armin T. Wegner, Die Austreibung des armenischen Volkes in die Wüste: Ein Lichtbildvortrag (Wallstein, 2009)


Armin T. Wegner: Bildnis einer Stimme / Picture of a Voice (CD, Wallstein Verlag 2008)

Web Resources:

• Online collection of Armin T. Wegner’s photographs:


• Homepage of the Armin T. Wegner Society of USA: http://www.armin-t-wegner.us/ATW/About_Us.html

• Armin T. Wegner Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armin_T._Wegner

• Biography of Armin T. Wegner: http://www.armenian-genocide.org/wegner­bio.html


Warning: Here There Be Experts
Benjamin Lieberman
Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey


• Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, 3rd ed. (Oxford University Press, 2001)
Web Resources:
• Bernard Lewis Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Lewis
• Bernard Lewis Princeton faculty profile: http://www.princeton.edu/~nes/faculty_lewis.html
• “Bernard Lewis condemned for having denied the reality of the Armenian genocide,” Le Monde, 23 June 1995. http://users.ids.net/~gregan/lemd_eng.html
• More on the Lewis denial controversy: http://www.armeniangenocidedebate.com/Bernard-Lewis-Armenian-Genocide
• Yervant Herian/Armenian Genocide Poster Campaign:


Conspiracy of Silence
Ani Kalayjian
Voices from the Lake


• Voices from the Lake, dir. J. Michael Hagopian (DVD 2003). Order through the Armenian Film Foundation, http://www.armenianfilm.org
Web Resources:
• J. Michael Hagopian Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Michael_Hagopian 
• J. Michael Hagopian IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2062776/bio
• Voices from the Lake press release:
• Voices from the Lake description:


Discovering the Haitian Massacre
Edward Paulino
The Norweb communiqué


• Letter from Ambassador R. Henry Norweb to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, FDR Library, Hyde Park, NY, Box 70 State, 1937, pp. 2–3.
• See footnote 1, page 54
Web Resources:
• Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu 
• “Haitian Migrants Face Rising Backlash Next Door,” The Christian Science Monitor, 24 January 2006. http://www.flacso.org/hemisferio/al-eeuu/bo¬letines/01/08/mig_04.pdf
• Amnesty International, “Dominican Republic: Haitian Migrants Denied Their Rights,” bulletin, 21 March 2007. http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AMR27/003/2007/en
Journal Article:
• Edward Paulino, “Anti-Haitianism, Historical Memory, and the Potential for Genocidal Violence in the Dominican Republic,” Genocide Studies and Prevention, 1: 3 (Winter 2006), pp. 265–88


Where It All Began
Paul R. Bartrop
Stefan Lorant, I Was Hitler’s Prisoner


• Stefan Lorant, I Was Hitler’s Prisoner: A Diary (G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1935); paperback edition, I Was Hitler’s Prisoner: Leaves from a Prison Diary (Penguin, 1940)
• Michael Hallett, Stefan Lorant: Godfather of Photojournalism (The Scarecrow Press, 2005)Video:
• Stefan Lorant, Man in Pictures, dir. Paul Cohen (1997, see
Web Resources:
• Stefan Lorant Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Lorant
• Librarything page for I Was Hitler’s Prisoner with the cover of the Penguin edition: http://www.librarything.com/work/3123777
• Stefan Lorant obituary: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/obituary-stefan-lorant-1294687.html


Documenting Torture in the Early Nazi Camps
Joseph Robert White
Karl Schwesig, Schlegelkeller


• Karl Schwesig, Schlegelkeller (Frölich und Kaufmann, 1986, ISBN–10: 3887250222)
Karl Schwesig:  Leben und Werk (Frölich and Kaufmann, 1984)
• Klaus Drobisch and Günther Wieland, System der NS-Konzentrationslager 1933–1939 (Akademie Verlag, 1993)

• Jane Caplan, “Political Detention and the Origin of the Concentration Camps in Nazi Germany, 1933–1935/6,” in Neil Gregor, ed., Nazism, War and Genocide: Essays in Honour of Jeremy Noakes (University of Exeter Press, 2005), pp. 22–41
Web resources:
• “Declaration of Tokyo.” Adopted by the World Medical Association, Tokyo, Japan, October 1975. http://www.cirp.org/library/ethics/tokyo
• Karl Schwesig Wikipedia entry: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Schwesig
• Profile of Karl Schwesig on the “Learning about the Holocaust through Art” website: http://holocaust-education.net/explore.asp?langid=1&submenu=200&id=25


Sexuality and Genocide
Jack Nusan Porter
Magnus Hirschfeld


• Magnus Hirschfeld, The Sexual History of the World War (University Press of the Pacific, 2006)
• Magnus Hirschfeld, The Homosexuality of Men and Women (Prometheus Books, 2000)
• Charlotte Wolff, Magnus Hirschfeld: A Portrait of a Pioneer in Sexology (Quartet Books, 1987)
• Different from the Others, dir. Richard Oswald (DVD, Kino Video 2004, ASIN B0006GAOOA)
• The Einstein of Sex: Life and Work of Dr. M. Hirschfeld, dir. Rosa von Praunheim (DVD, TLA Releasing, 1999)
Web Resources:
• Magnus Hirschfeld Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnus_Hirschfeld 
• A biography: http://www.stonewallsociety.com/famouspeople/magnus.htm
• Different from the Others Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_als_die_Andern
• Hirschfeld’s legacy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirschfeld_Eddy_Foundation; http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/index.htm


The Multiple Meanings of Lidice
Atenea Acevedo
Monument to the Child Victims of War


Lidice: Sacrificial Village (Ballantine’s, 1972)
Web Resources:
• Lidice massacre Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lidice
• “The Massacre at Lidice”: http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/nazi¬occupation/lidice.html
• “New Czech Film about Massacre in Lidice in the Works,” Aktualne.cz, 7 August 2008. http://admin.aktualne.centrum.cz/clanek.phtml?id=612938
• Information on the monument:
• More on the monument: http://www.lidice-memorial.cz/default_en.aspx


A Boy Who Refused to Grow Up, and One Who Did
Michael Hayse
Günter Grass, The Tin Drum


• Günther Grass, “Danzig Trilogy”:

The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel), 1959
Cat and Mouse (Katz und Maus), 1961
Dog Years (Hundejahre), 1963
• John Reddick, Danzig Trilogy Of Gunter Grass: A Study of the Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, and Dog Years (Harvest Books, 1975)
• The revelation (or translation) of Grass’s Waffen-SS past is dealt with in Günther Grass, Peeling the Onion (Harcourt, 2007)
• Siegfried Mews, Günter Grass and His Critics: From ‘The Tin Drum’ to ‘Crabwalk’ (Camden House, 2008)
• Bill Niven, Facing the Nazi Past: United Germany and the Legacy of the Third Reich (Routledge, 2002)
The Tin Drum, dir. Volker Schlöndorff (1979, DVD Criterion 2004)
Web Resources:
• Grass’s Nobel Prize biography:


A Tale of Two Children
Diane F. Afoumado
Hans Peter Richter, Mon Ami Frédéric


• Hans Peter Richter, Mon ami Frédéric (Hachette Jeunesse, 1963). English version: Friedrich (Puffin, 1987)
Web Resources:
• Hans Peter Richter Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Peter_Richter
Friedrich Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich (novel)


The Attic and the Imagination
Jina Moore
Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl


Anne Frank — The Diary of a Young Girl (Pocket Books, 1958, ISBN–10: 0671835467)
• Netherlands Institute for War Documentation, The Diary of Anne Frank: The Revised Critical Edition (Doubleday, 2003)
• Rian Verhoeven, Anne Frank: Beyond the Diary — A Photographic Remembrance (Puffin, 1985)
• Miep Gies and Alison Leslie Gold, Anne Frank Remembered: The Story of the Woman Who Helped to Hide the Frank Family (Simon & Schuster, 2009)
The Attic: The Hiding of Anne Frank, dir. John Erman (VHS Cabin Fever, 1995)
The Diary of Anne Frank, dir. Frankie Glass (1959, DVD, Twentieth-Century Fox 2004)
Anne Frank Remembered, dir. Jon Blair (DVD, Sony Pictures 2004)
Anne Frank — The Whole Story, dir. Robert Dornhelm (DVD, Walt Disney Video, 2001)
Web Resources:
• Anne Frank Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Frank
• Anne Frank biography: http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/whm/bio/frank_a.htm
• Anne Frank Center USA: http://www.annefrank.com
• Anne Frank House webpage: http://www.annefrank.org
• IMDB page for The Attic: The Hiding of Anne Frank: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0094685
• Miep Gies Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miep_Gies
• “Miep Gies and the Diary of Anne Frank”: http://www.auschwitz.dk/miepgies.htm
• “Rescuer of Anne Frank’s Diary Marks Her 100th Birthday,”  http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009-02-12-annefrank-helper_N.htm
• Mike and Doug Starn, Starn Studio, http://www.starnstudio.com


Lessing’s Wisdom
Viktoria Hertling
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Nathan the Wise


• Nathan the Wise (Dodo Press, 2009)
• Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Nathan the Wise: A Dramatic Poem in Five Acts (1779). http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/3820
• Jo-Jacqueline Eckardt, Lessing’s Nathan the Wise and the Critics: 1779–1991 (Camden House, 1993)
Nathan the Wise, dir. Manfred Noa (1922, DVD Filmuseum 2006, see http://www.silentera.com/DVD/nathantheWiseDVD.html)
Web Resources:
• Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Wikipedia page:
• Nathan the Wise Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathan_the_Wise 
• Judi Herman, “Nathan the Wise by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing”: http://www.jewish-theatre.com/visitor/article_display.aspx?articleID=1568

Not the Holocaust Memorial
Pam Maclean
Or-Sarua Synagogue, Vienna


Print Resources:
See the bibliographic note on page 90
Web Resources:
• “Memorial and Museum for the Austrian Victims of the Shoah”:
• Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial Wikipedia page:


The Processes of Destruction
Joyce Apsel
Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews


• Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, 3rd ed., 3 vols. (Yale University Press, 2003)
• Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, one-volume edition (Holmes & Meier, 1985)
• Raul Hilberg, The Politics of Memory: The Journey of a Holocaust Historian (Ivan R. Dee, 2002)
• Hilberg is interviewed at length in Claude Lanzmann’s classic nine-and-a-half-hour documentary, Shoah (1985, DVD New Yorker Video 2003). See also Claude Lanzmann, Shoah: The Complete Text of the Acclaimed Holocaust Film (Da Capo Press, 1995).
Web Resources:
The Destruction of the European Jews Wikipedia page:
• Raul Hilberg Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raul_Hilberg
• Christopher Browning, “The Revised Hilberg”:
• Raul Hilberg obituary:
• Norman Finkelstein, “Remembering Raul Hilberg”:


The Look of Terror
Robert Skloot
The Shop on Main Street


The Shop on Main Street, dirs. Ján Kadár and Elmar Klos (1966, DVD Criterion Collection 2003, ASIN B00005NFZD)
Web Resources:
The Shop on Main Street IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0059527
The Shop on Main Street Wikipedia page:
• “The Shop on Main Street: Not the Six Million but the One,” by Ján Kadár:

• Review by Steven Banovac: http://www.kinokultura.com/specials/3/obchod.shtml
• Andrew James Horton, “Just Who Owns the Shop?”:


The Role of the Bystander
Fred Grünfeld
Elie Wiesel, The Town beyond the Wall


In addition to the sources cited in the following entry, see:
• Elie Wiesel, The Town beyond the Wall: A Novel (Schocken, 1995, ISBN-10: 0805210458)
• Elie Wiesel, After the Darkness: Reflections on the Holocaust (Schocken, 2002)
First Person Singular: Elie Wiesel, dir. Robert H. Gardner (DVD, PBS 2002)
Web Resources:
• Elie Wiesel Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elie_Wiesel
• The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity: http://www.eliewieselfoundation.org
• Elie Wiesel Nobel Peace Prize lecture, 1986:
• The World of Elie Wiesel, PBS program: http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-541754502934590928


“Revisiting Again and Again the Kingdom of Night”
Steven L. Jacobs
Will Only the Darkness Remain?
John K. Roth
Elie Wiesel, Night


In addition to the sources cited in the preceding entry, see:
• Elie Wiesel, Night trans. Marion Wiesel (Hill and Wang, 2006, ISBN-10: 0374500010)
• Alan Rosen, ed., Approaches to Teaching Wiesel’s Night (Modern Language Association of America, 2007)
Elie Wiesel’s Night, Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations (Chelsea House, 2001)

• John K. Roth, Holocaust Politics (Westminster John Knox Press, 2001)
Night (CD, Recorded Books, 2006)
Web Resources:
• Night Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Night (book)
• Night teaching resources: http://www.facinghistory.org/resources/publications/night
• Night page on Oprah’s Book Club, with additional resources: http://www.oprah.com/article/oprahsbookclub/night/book_excerpt_01/1


The Holocaust as the Holocaust
Jonathan C. Friedman
The Grey Zone


In addition to the sources cited in the following entry, see:
The Grey Zone, dir. Tim Blake Nelson (DVD, Lions Gate 2003, ASIN: B000087EYX)
• Primo Levi’s essay “The Gray Zone” is found in his The Drowned and the Saved (Vintage, 1989, ISBN-10: 067972186X). It has been widely reprinted, including in Adam Jones, ed., Genocide, vol. 3: Perpetrators, Victims, Bystanders, Rescuers (Sage Publications, 2009).
• Shlomo Venezia, Inside the Gas Chambers: Eight Months in the Sonderkommando of Auschwitz (Polity, 2009)
• Gideon Greif, We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz (Yale University Press, 2005)
Web Resources:
The Grey Zone IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0252480
The Grey Zone Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Grey_Zone
• Sonderkommando Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonderkom¬mando
• Auschwitz Sonderkommando video testimonies:
• Testimony of Sonderkommando member Filip Müller, taken from Claude Lanzmann’s 1985 documentary Shoah: http://www.class.uidaho.edu/thomas/Holocaust/thomas/shoah/Muller-Singing.rtf


Keeping Memory Alive
Henry Maitles
Primo Levi


In addition to The Drowned and the Saved, cited in the preceding entry, see:
• Ian Thomson, Primo Levi: A Life (Picador, 2004)
• Ferdinando Camon, Conversations with Primo Levi (Marlboro Press, 1989)
• Primo Levi, If This is a Man (Everyman’s Library, 2000). This is the omnibus edition of Levi’s Auschwitz-and-after memoirs, which were also published in separate volumes as Survival in Auschwitz (Classic House, 2008), The Reawakening (Touchstone, 1995), and Moments of Reprieve (Penguin, 1995).
• Anthony Rudolf, At an Uncertain Hour: Primo Levi’s War against Oblivion (Menard Press, 1990)
• Myriam Anissimov, Primo Levi: Tragedy of an Optimist (Aurum Press, 1998)
Primo Levi’s Journey, dir. Davide Ferrario (DVD, New Yorker Video 2008)
Primo — Primo Levi, starring Anthony Sher (DVD, Kultur Video 2005)
• Henry Maitles, “Surviving the Holocaust: The Anger and Guilt of Primo Levi,” Journal of Genocide Research, 4: 2 (2002), pp. 237–251
Web Resources:
• Primo Levi Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primo_Levi
• The Scriptorium — Primo Levi: http://www.themodernword.com/scripto¬rium/levi.html
• Diego Gambetta, “Primo Levi’s Last Moments”:


Identity and Contested Authenticity
Dominik J. Schaller
Binjamin Wilkomirski, Fragments


• Binjamin Wilkomirski, Fragments: Memories of a Wartime Childhood (Schocken, 1997, ISBN-10: 080521089X)
• Blake Eskin, A Life in Pieces: The Making and Unmaking of Binjamin Wilkomirski (W.W. Norton & Co., 2002)
• Lawrence L. Langer, Using and Abusing the Holocaust (Indiana University Press, 2006)
Web Resources:
• Binjamin Wilkomirski Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binjamin_Wilkomirski
• A review of Fragments in The Nation:
• Renata Salecl, “Why One Would Pretend to be a Victim of the Holocaust”:


The Language of Klemperer
Jens Meierhenrich
Victor Klemperer, LTI: Lingua Tertii Imperi


• Victor Klemperer, The Language of the Third Reich: LTI — Lingua Tertii Imperii: A Philologist’s Notebook (Continuum 2006, ISBN–10: 0826491308)
• Klemperer’s diaries are compiled and abridged in English as I Will Bear Witness 1933–1941: A Diary of the Nazi Years (Modern Library, 1999); I Will Bear Witness 1942–1945: A Diary of the Nazi Years (Modern Library, 2001); and The Lesser Evil: The Diaries of Victor Klemperer 1945–59 (Orion, 2004).
• Peter Jacobs, Victor Klemperer: Im Kern ein deutsches Gewachs : eine Biographie (Aufbau Taschenbuch Verlag, 2000)
• Omer Bartov, “The Last German,” The New Republic, 28 December 1998
La langue ne ment pas, dir. Stan Neumann (2003, see http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0897265)
Web Resources:
• Victor Klemperer Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Klemperer
• LTI Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LTI_-_Lingua_Tertii_Imperii
• Thomas Powers, “The Everyday Life of Tyranny”:


Trauma and Transcendence
William L. Hewitt
Viktor E. Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning


• Victor E. Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning (Beacon Press, 2006, ISBN–10: 0807014273)
Man’s Search for Meaning (CD, Blackstone Audiobooks, 2008)
Web Resources:
• Website of the Viktor Frankl Institute, Vienna: http://logotherapy.univie.ac.at/
• Viktor Frankl Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Frankl
• Man’s Search for Meaning Wikipedia page:


On Visiting the Auschwitz Museum
Jacques Semelin
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau


• Laurence Rees, Auschwitz: A New History (PublicAffairs, 2006)
• Rudolf Höss, Death Dealer: The Memoirs of the SS Kommandant at Auschwitz (Da Capo Press, 1996)
Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State (DVD, BBC Warner 2005)
Web Resources:
• Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum: http://en.auschwitz.org.pl/m
• US Holocaust Memorial Museum Auschwitz page:
• Auschwitz concentration camp Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auschwitz
• Auschwitz Museum photo montage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y4isG90mWJo
• New York Times, “In the Shadow of Horror, SS Guardians Frolic”:


At the Wall
Alexander George
Judy Ellis Glickman, “Execution Wall”


In addition to the sources cited in the preceding entry, see:

Web Resources:

• Other views of the wall: http://www.panoramio.com/photo/6780890:
• Information on Judy Glickman at the June Fitzpatrick Gallery:


“The Wealth of All Humanity”
Donna-Lee Frieze
Train of Life


Train de vie, dir. Radu Mihaileanu (DVD-PAL, ASIN B00004VYD3)
Train of Life (VHS, Paramount 2000, ASIN 6305849579)
Web Resources:
• Train de vie IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0170705/
• Train of Life Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Train_of_Life
• Radu Mihaileanu Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radu_Mih%C4%83ileanu


Confronting the Porrajmos
Fiona de Londras
Alexander Ramati, And the Violins Stopped Playing


• Alexander Ramati, And the Violins Stopped Playing: A Story of the Gypsy Holocaust (F. Watts, 1986, ISBN 0531150283)
• Sybil H. Milton, “‘Gypsies’ as Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany,” in Robert Gellately and Nathan Stoltzfus, Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany (Princeton University Press, 2001)
• Benno Muller-Hill, Murderous Science: Elimination by Scientific Selection of Jews, Gypsies, and Others in Germany, 1933–1945 (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1997)
The Nazi Genocide of the Sinti and Roma (Documentary and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma, 1995)
And the Violins Stopped Playing, dir. Alexander Ramati (DVD-PAL, ASIN B000A10LTE)
Web Resources:
• I skrzypce przestaly grac IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0096815
• Prevent Genocide International resources on Roma-Sinti genocide: http://www.preventgenocide.org/edu/pastgenocides/nazi/parajmos/resources
• US Holocaust Memorial Museum, “Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939–45”: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?ModuleId=10005219
• Porrajmos Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porajmos
• Yehuda Bauer, “Interpretation of the Porrajmos”: Google “Porrajmos Bauer”
• Ian Hancock, “A Brief Romani Holocaust Chronology”: http://www.osi.hu/rpp/holocaust.html
• Images compiled by Ian Hancock:
• Romani rights resources: http://www.geocities.com/~Patrin/rights.htm


There’s No Place Like Home
Simone Gigliotti
The Illustrated Auschwitz


The Illustrated Auschwitz, dir. Jackie Farkas (1992, Super 8 and 16mm film; apparently not released on DVD or VHS)
Web Resources:
• Jackie Farkas IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1241257
• An analysis of The Illustrated Auschwitz by Karli Lukas:


Genocide and the Shock Process
Stephen C. Feinstein
Zbigniew Libera, LEGO Concentration Camp


• Norman L. Kleeblatt, ed., Mirroring Evil: Nazi Imagery/Recent Art (Jewish Museum/Rutgers University Press, 2001)
Web Resources:
• Stephen C. Feinstein, “Zbigniew Libera’s Lego Concentration Camp: Iconoclasm in Conceptual Art About the Shoah”: http://www.othervoices.org/2.1/feinstein/auschwitz.html
• Zbigniew Libera artist’s biography: http://raster.art.pl/gallery/artists/libera/libera.htm
• Zbigniew Libera Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbigniew_Libera
• Exhibition of Libera’s Lego work at the University of Minnesota:
http:// www.chgs.umn.edu/museum/exhibitions/absence/artists/zLibera
• Personal Cyber Botanica, “Zbigniew Libera’s Sharp Art”:
• A description of “Konzentrationslager”: http://users.erols.com/kennrice/lego-kz.htm


The Moral Capital of the World
Winton Higgins
Weapons of the Spirit


Weapons of the Spirit, dir. Pierre Sauvage (1987, VHS 1989, ASIN 0967651204)
• Carol Rittner and Sondra Myers, The Courage to Care (NYU Press, 1989)
• Albert Camus, The Plague (Vintage, 1991)
• Karen Gray Ruelle & Deborah Durland Desaix, Hidden on the Mountain: Stories of Children Sheltered from the Nazis in Le Chambon (Holiday House, 2006)
• Pierre Fayol, Le Chambon-sur-Lignon sous l’Occupation, 1940–1944: les résistances locales, l’aide interalliée, l’action de Virginia Hall (O.S.S.) (L’Harmattan, 1990)
Web Resources:
• Weapons of the Spirit IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0100905
• Le Chambon-sur-Lignon Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_Chambon-sur-Lignon
• Le Chambon-sur-Lignon US Holocaust Memorial Museum page:
• Chambon Foundation: http://www.chambon.org
• Pierre Sauvage, “Le Chambon’s Challenge Today”:
• Bronwyn Hanna, “Rescue and Resistance on the Plateau”:
• Bill Moyers interview with Pierre Sauvage:


“You and I, We Must Change the World”
Helen Bond
Raphael Lemkin, photographed by Hans Knopf


See the resources on Raphael Lemkin cited in the first entry of this section.

Print Source:
• The image of Lemkin accompanied Herbert Yahraes’s profile, “He Gave a Name to the World’s Most Horrible Crime,” Collier’s Magazine, 3 March 1951
Web Resources:
• Photography by Hans Knopf:


Eichmann, Mulisch and Me
G. Jan Colijn
Harry Mulisch, De Zaak


In addition to the Adolf Eichmann resources cited in the “Ugliness and Distance” entry, below, see:
• G. Jan Colijn and Izaak Colijn, Ruin’s Wheel: A Father on War, A Son on Genocide (Comteq, 2006)
• Harry Mulisch, De Zaak 40/61: Een reportage (1962), published in English as Criminal Case 40/61: The Trial of Adolf Eichmann: An Eyewitness Account, trans. Robert Naborn (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009, ISBN–10: 081222065X)
• Bob Moore, Victims and Survivors: The Nazi Persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands (Edward Arnold, 1997)
Web Resources:
• Harry Mulisch website (in Dutch): http://www.mulisch.nl
• Harry Mulisch Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Mulisch
• Harry Mulisch biography: http://www.marshillaudio.org/resources/topic_detail.asp?ID=138
• Foundation for the Production and Translation of Dutch Literature
page for Harry Mulisch: http://www.nlpvf.nl/book/book2.php?Book=80 
• Resources and references on Criminal Case 40/61:
• On Miep Gies: “Rescuer of Anne Frank’s Diary Marks 100th Birthday,” http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009-02-12-annefrank-helper_N.htm


Ugliness and Distance
Eric Gordy
Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem


• Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (1963, Penguin Classics edition 2006, ISBN-10: 0143039881)
The Portable Hannah Arendt (Penguin Classics, 2003)
• Richard H. King and Dan Stone, eds., Hannah Arendt and the Uses of History: Imperialism, Nation, Race, and Genocide (Berghahn, 2008)
• The Trial of Adolf Eichmann (DVD, Great Projects Film Company, 2007; see http://remember.org/eichmann/odyssey.htm)
Web Resources:
• The Hannah Arendt Papers at the Library of Congress:
• Adolf Eichmann Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Eichmann
• US Holocaust Memorial Museum Eichmann trial page:
• Newsreel footage of the Eichmann trial: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6cOyYAgK1eg
• A session of the trial on the Wannsee Conference of 1942:
• Philip Guston Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Guston
• Philip Guston biography at the Museum of Modern Art: Google “Guston MOMA”
• “Holidays in the Sun” Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holidays_in_the_Sun


Morality, Indifference, and Evil
Ernesto Verdeja
Gitta Sereny, Albert Speer: His Battle with Truth


• Gitta Sereny, Albert Speer: His Battle with Truth (Vintage, 1996, ISBN-10: 0679768122)
• Gitta Sereny, Into That Darkness: An Examination of Conscience (Vintage, 1983)
Nuremberg — Nazis on Trial: Albert Speer (BBC, 2006; see
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuremberg_article_03.shtml; on YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=deGwMxn_HU8)
Web Resources:
• Albert Speer Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Speer
• Gitta Sereny Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gitta_Sereny
• A 2000 interview with Gitta Sereny by Charlie Rose:
• BBC, “Gitta Sereny: Biographer with Bite”: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/86021.stm


Journey through Denial
John C. Zimmerman
Walter Sanning, The Dissolution of Eastern European Jewry


• Walter N. Sanning, The Dissolution of Eastern European Jewry (Noontide Press, 1986, ISBN-10: 0939484110)
• Michael Shermer and Alex Grobman, Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why Do They Say It?, 2nd ed. (University of California Press, 2009)
• John C. Zimmerman, Holocaust Denial (University Press of America, 2000)
Web Resources:
• “The Crazy World of Walter Sanning”:
• Holocaust denial Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_denial


At Seventeen
Lee Ann Fujii
Amnesty International, Cambodia photo exhibition


In addition to the sources cited in the following entry, see:
• David Chandler, Voices from S-21: Terror and History inside Pol Pot’s Secret Prison (University of California Press, 1999)
• Douglas Niven and Chris Riley, The Killing Fields (photos from S-21) (Twin Palms Press, 1996)
S21: The Khmer Rouge Killing Machine, dir. Rithy Panh (First Run Features, 2005)
Web Resources:
• Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuol_Sleng
• “Tuol Sleng: Photographs from Pol Pot’s Secret Prison”: http://www.tuolsleng.com/
• Andy Carvin, “From Sideshow to Genocide: Stories of the Cambodian Holocaust”: http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow
• Amnesty International website: http://www.amnesty.org


Beyond Good and Evil
Scott Laderman
The Killing Fields


In addition to the sources cited in the preceding entry, see:
The Killing Fields, dir. Roland Joffé (1984, DVD Warner Home Video 2001, ASIN B00004RF82)
• Haing S. Ngor and Roger Warner, Survival in the Killing Fields (Basic Books, 2003)
• Sydney Schanberg and Dith Pran, The Killing Fields: The Facts behind the Film (Hodder, 1984)
• William Shawcross, Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, rev. ed. (Cooper Square Press, 2002)
• Ben Kiernan, “The American Bombardment of Kampuchea, 1969–1973,” Vietnam Generation 1:1 (1989), pp. 4–41
• Kenton Clymer, “Jimmy Carter, Human Rights, and Cambodia,” Diplomatic History, 27:2 (April 2003), pp. 245–278
• Taylor Owen and Ben Kiernan, “Bombs over Cambodia,” The Walrus, October 2006, pp. 62–69. Available at http://www.yale.edu/cgp/Walrus_CambodiaBombing_OCT06.pdf
Web Resources:
• The Killing Fields IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0087553
• The Killing Fields Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Killing_Fields (film)
• Killing fields Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killing_Fields
• The New York Times, “Cambodian Physician Who Won an Oscar for ‘Killing Fields’ Is Slain”: http://www.nytimes.com/1996/02/27/us/cambodian-physician-who-won-an-oscar-for-killing-fields-is-slain.html


The Horror
Stefanie Rixecker
Apocalypse Now


Apocalypse Now, dir. Francis Ford Coppola (1979; DVD Apocalypse Now: The Complete Dossier, Paramount 2006, ASIN B000FSME1A)
Hearts of Darkness — A Filmmaker’s Apocalypse, dir. Eleanor Coppola (Paramount 1991). A making-of documentary nearly as wild as the movie itself.
• Francis Ford Coppola and John Milius, Apocalypse Now Redux: A Screenplay (Miramax Books, 2001)
• Peter Cowie, The Apocalypse Now Book (Da Capo Press, 2001)
• Eleanor Coppola, Notes on the Making of Apocalypse Now (Limelight Editions, 2004)
• Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, Norton Critical Editions, 4th ed. (W.W. Norton & Co., 2005)
• Apocalypse Now Redux (soundtrack) (CD, Nonesuch 2001)
Web Resources:
• Apocalypse Now Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apocalypse_Now
• Apocalypse Now IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0078788
• The classic helicopter attack scene, set to Wagner’s Ride of the Valkyries, and Robert Duvall’s napalm-smells-like-victory speech: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHjWDCX1Bdw
• Roger Ebert review: http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19991128/REVIEWS08/911280301/1023


Apocalypse Soon
Adam Jones
Midnight Oil, “Hercules”


• “Hercules,” by Jim Moginie/Peter Garrett/Rob Hirst. © 1985 Sony BMG Australia. From Species Deceases (1985, CD Sony Music 1990, ASIN B00000273S)
• 20,000 Watts RSL: The Midnight Oil Collection (DVD, Sony Music 2002, ASIN B00006AUHL). Includes a live version of “Hercules” from Sydney in 1989.
• Mark Dodshon, Beds Are Burning: Midnight Oil, The Journey (Penguin, 2005)
• Jonathan Schell, The Fate of the Earth and The Abolition (Stanford University Press, 2000)
• Rex Wyler, Greenpeace: How a Group of Ecologists, Journalists, and Visionaries Changed the World (Rodale Books, 2004)
Web Resources:
• Midnight Oil website: http://www.midnightoil.com
• Peter Garrett website: http://www.petergarrett.com.au
• Art Nuko World Tour: http://www.pej.ca/artnuko/index.htm
• A powerful 1985 live performance of “Hercules”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-_YICL9g9c  — includes interview footage on the nuclear threat with Peter Garrett.
• Another live performance from 1985 at Le Spectrum, Montreal, with fluffed lyrics: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BE9i-NxAmNE
• Rainbow Warrior Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_Warrio (1955)     


The Question of the Act
Lior Zylberman
The Act in Question


El acto en cuestión, dir. Alejandro Agresti (1993, so far unreleased on VHS or DVD)
Web Resources:
• El acto en cuestión IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0106217
• Alejandro Agresti Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alejandro_Agresti


Photography, Memory, and Denial
Marcia Esparza
Jonathan Moller, photographs from Guatemala


In addition to the sources cited in the following entry, see:
Our Culture Is Our Resistance: Repression, Refuge, and Healing in Guatemala, photographs by Jonathan Moller (powerHouse Books, 2004)
• Rigoberta Menchú with Elisabeth Burgos-Débray, I, Rigoberta Menchú: An Indian Woman in Guatemala (Verso, 1984)
• Stephen Schlesinger and Stephen Kinzer, Bitter Fruit: The Story of the American Coup in Guatemala, revised and expanded edition (David Rockefeller Center Series on Latin American Studies, 2005)
• When the Mountains Tremble (1983, DVD New Video Group 2004)
Web Resources:
• “Our Culture is Our Resistance: Photographs by Jonathan Moller”:


Images of Impunity
Victoria Sanford
Guatemala crime scene photos


In addition to the sources cited in the preceding entry, see:
• Victoria Sanford, Guatemala: Del genocidio al feminicidio (F & G Editores, 2008)
• Victoria Sanford, Buried Secrets: Truth and Human Rights in Guatemala (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)
• Diana Washington Valdez, The Killing Fields: Harvest of Women (Peace on the Border, 2006)
Killer’s Paradise, dir. Giselle Portenier (2006, DVD NFB/BBC, see
Web Resources:
• Victoria Sanford webpage: http://www.fygeditores.com/sanford
• José Steinsleger, “Feminicidio en Guatemala”:
• Gendercide Watch: http://www.gendercide.org
• Guatemala: Yale Genocide Studies Program page:
• Prevent Genocide International resources on Genocide in Guatemala:


A Reluctant Genocide Activist
Thomas Nagy
US Defense Intelligence Agency document


See footnote 1, page 220, and:
• Hans C. von Sponeck, A Different Kind of War: The UN Sanctions Regime in Iraq (Berghahn, 2006)
• Geoff Simons, The Scourging of Iraq: Sanctions, Law and Natural Justice, 2nd ed. (Macmillan, 1998)
• Anthony Arnove, ed., Iraq under Siege: The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War (South End Press, 2000)
Web Resources:
• Iraq Sanctions Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraq_sanctions
• “Former UN Official Says Sanctions Against Iraq Amount to Genocide”: http://www.news.cornell.edu/chronicle/99/9.30.99/Halliday_talk.html
• “Iraq: Genocide by UN Sanctions”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2irN1G5HiRo


Children’s Photos
Daniel H. Magilow
Early photos of Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler


• Ron Rosenbaum, Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil (HarperPerennial, 1999)
• Ian Kershaw, Hitler 1889–1936: Hubris (W.W. Norton & Co., 2000)
• Said K. Aburish, Saddam Hussein: The Politics of Revenge (Bloomsbury, 2001)
Web Resources:
• “Adolf Hitler — The Child and Youth”:


The Face of Genocide
Donna-Lee Frieze
Photo by Ron Haviv from Blood and Honey


• Ron Haviv and Chuck Sudetic, Blood and Honey: A Balkan War Journal (TV Books, 2000, ISBN-10: 1575001357)

• Leslie Fratkin, Sarajevo Self-Portrait: The View from Inside (Umbrage Editions, 2000)
• Steve Horn and Dewi Lewis, Pictures without Borders: Bosnia Revisited (Dewi Lewis Publishing, 2005)
• Miroslav Prstojevic, Sarajevo Survival Guide (FAMA, 1993)
• Sean Hand, ed., The Levinas Reader (Blackwell, 1992)
• Roy Gutman, A Witness to Genocide: The 1993 Pulitzer Prize-Winning Dispatches on the “Ethnic Cleansing” of Bosnia (Lisa Drew Books, 1993)
• Eyes of the World, dir. Michael Perlman, profiles Haviv (2003, see
Web Resources:
• Ron Haviv, “Blood & Honey”: http://www.photoarts.com/haviv/bloodandhoney
• Ron Haviv Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ron_Haviv
• Interview with Ron Haviv by Charlie Rose: http://www.charlierose.com/view/interview/3257


The Death of ‘King’ Habyarimana
Christopher C. Taylor
Cartoon in Kangura, Rwanda


• Christopher C. Taylor, Sacrifice as Terror: The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 (Berg, 2001)
• Marcel Kabanda, “Kangura: The Triumph of Propaganda Refined,” in Allan Thompson, ed., The Media and the Rwanda Genocide (Pluto Press, 2007). Version available online at http://www.idrc.ca/rwandagenocide/ev–108184–201–1–DO_TOPIC.html
Web Resources:
• Kangura Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangura


A Simple Task
Shayna C. Parekh
Ghosts of Rwanda


• Alison Des Forges, Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda (Human Rights Watch, 1999)
African Rights, Rwanda: Death, Despair and Defiance, rev. ed. (African Rights, 1995)
• Frontline: Ghosts of Rwanda, dir. Greg Barker (2006, DVD PBS Paramount, ASIN B0007TKI06). Available on YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xON22c7pZ6c
Web Resources:
• PBS Frontline Ghosts of Rwanda page: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/ghosts
• Ghosts of Rwanda Wikiversity page: http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Ghosts_of_Rwanda
• Samantha Power, “Bystanders to Genocide”: http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200109/power-genocide


“Never Again,” Again
David J. Simon
Pablo Picasso, “Guernica”;
Dachau and Kigali memorials


• Gijs van Hensbergen, Guernica: The Biography of a Twentieth-Century Icon (Bloomsbury, 2005)
• Rudolf Arnheim, The Genesis of a Painting: Picasso’s Guernica (University of California Press, 2006)
• Paul Berben, Dachau: The Official History, 1933–1945 (LIPP GmbH, 1986)
• Guernica, dir. Alain Resnais (1950). On YouTube at:
Web Resources:
• “Guernica” Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernica (painting)
• “Picasso’s Guernica in 3–D”: http://www.lena-gieseke.com/guernica/movie.html 
• “Guernica: Testimony of War”:
• Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site: http://www.kz-gedenks¬taette-dachau.de/index-e.html
• Dachau Concentration Camp Wikipedia page:
• Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre: http://www.kigalimemorialcentre.org/old/index.html
• Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre Wikipedia page:
• Ardyn Halter Art: http://www.ardynhalterart.com
• Ardyn Halter Works: http://www.redfern-gallery.com/pages/thumbnail¬list/251.html


Dili on Fire
Russell Schimmer
Landsat photo of East Timor


• Thomas M. Lillesand, Ralph W. Kiefer, and Jonathan W. Chipman, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation (Wiley, 2007)
• Joseph Nevins, A Not-So-Distant Horror: Mass Violence In East Timor (Cornell University Press, 2005)
Web Resources:
• Yale Genocide Studies Program, Maps and Satellite Images:
• Remote Sensing Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remote_sensing
• Gendercide Watch East Timor case-study: http://www.gendercide.org/case_timor.html


Different Kinds of People
Wendy C. Hamblet
American History X


American History X, dir. Tony Kaye (1998, DVD New Line Home Video 1999, ASIN 6305313687, Blu-Ray New Line Home Video 2009, ASIN B001O7JHSE)
• Israel W. Charny, Fascism and Democracy in the Human Mind (University of Nebraska Press, 2006)
• Wendy C. Hamblet, The Sacred Monstrous (Lexington Books, 2004)
• Nevitt Sanford and Craig Comstock, Sanctions for Evil: Sources of Social Destructiveness (Jossey-Bass, 1971)
• Ervin Staub, The Psychology of Good and Evil (Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Web Resources:
• American History X webpage: http://www.newline.com/properties/american¬historyx.html
• American History X IMDB page: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120586/
• American History X Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_History_X
• Neo-Nazism Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Nazism
• Review by Janet Maslin: http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9c07e4de103cf93ba15753c1a96e958260
• A key moment from the film: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8hEtN0-vF90


“The Enemy We Seek To Destroy”
R. Charli Carpenter
“I, Borg,” episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation


• “I, Borg,” Episode 123 of Star Trek: The Next Generation, originally aired 11 May 1992. Available on DVD on disk two of the four-disk Star Trek: Fan Collective — Borg (Star Trek 2006, ASIN B000CCBCIA).
• Richard Hanley, The Metaphysics of Star Trek (Perseus Books, 1997)
• Jutta Weldes, ed., To Seek Out New Worlds: Science Fiction and World Politics (Palgrave MacMillan, 2003)
Web Resources:
• “I, Borg” Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I,_Borg
• “I, Borg” at StarTrek.com:
• Detailed plot summary: http://memory-alpha.org/en/wiki/I_Borg (episode)


Alex Hinton
Octavio Paz, “Hermandad”


• Octavio Paz and Eliot Weinberger, Octavio Paz: Collected Poems (New Directions Publishing Corp., 1988)
• Octavio Paz, Obras Completas (Fondo de Cultura Economica USA, 2003)
Web Resources:
• Octavio Paz Wikipedia Page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octavio_Paz

• Octavio Paz Nobel Prize biography:
• Excerpt from an Octavio Paz TV interview: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yg5D4s5YBmA
• A child recites “Hermandad”:


“A Single Child”
Eric Reeves
Paul Jeffrey photo; Ursula K. Le Guin,
“The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas”


• Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas (Creative Education, 1992)
• Eric Reeves, A Long Day’s Dying: Critical Moments in the Darfur Genocide (The Key Publishing House Inc., 2007)
• Frontline: On Our Watch (DVD, PBS 2008)
Web Resources:
• “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” Wikipedia page:
• Ursula K. Le Guin website: http://www.ursulakleguin.com
• Eric Reeves website: http://www.sudanreeves.org
• Photos by Paul Jeffrey: http://www.gbgm-umc.org/honduras/photos
• Genocide Intervention Network/STAND: http://www.standnow.org

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